The Dark Crystal : Age of Resistance Serie

 The Dark crystal : Age of Resistance is an American fantasy web television series produced by Netflix and The Jim Henson Company. It is a prequel to the 1982 Jim Henson film The Dark Crystal that explores the world of Thra created for the original film. The series premiered on August 30, 2019, to critical acclaim.

 Synopsis- As the Gelfling race on the planet Thra becomes aware of the fact that their customarily worshiped overlords, the Skeksis, are exploitative, taxing essence-suckers who are destroying their world, three Gelflings– Rian, Brea and Deet — inspire a rebellion after discovering a horrifying secret behind the Skeksis power that threatens their entire planet. Cast-

Gelflings

  • Taron Egerton as Rian: A Gelfling crystal castle guard of the Stonewood Clan
  • Anya Taylor-Joy as Brea: The youngest Gelfling princess of the Vapra Clan
  • Nathalie Emmanuel as Deet: Born Deethra; Gelfling animal caretaker of the Grottan Clan
  • Donna Kimball as Aughra: The Keeper of Secrets, the embodiment of the planet Thra and an astronomer
  • Harris Dickinson as Gurjin: A member of the Drenchen Clan and Rian’s best friend
  • Gugu Mbatha-Raw as Seladon: Eldest of the princess sisters of the Vapra Clan and one of Brea’s sisters
  • Victor Yerrid as Hup: A Podling who is a friend of Deet. He aspires to be a Paladin and carries a big wooden spoon like a sword
  • Shazad Latif as Kylan: A song teller of the Spriton Clan
  • Hannah John-Kamen as Naia: A member of the Drenchen Clan and Gurjin’s twin sister

Skeksis

Gelflings

  • Eddie Izzard as Cadia: A member of the Sifa Clan
  • Helena Bonham Carter as Maudra Mayrin/The All-Maudra: Leader of the Vapra Clan, the queen and mother of Seladon, Tavra and Brea
  • Caitriona Balfe as Tavra: Born Katavra, she is a warrior of the Vapra Clan and one of Brea’s sisters
  • Toby Jones as The Librarian: A member of the Vapra Clan who works in the library of the Vapra Citadel
  • Dustin Demri Burns as Daudran: A member of the Vapra Clan who oversees the Order of Lesser Services.
  • Lena Headey as Maudra Fara/The Rock Singer: Leader of the Stonewood Clan
  • Alicia Vikander as Mira: A member of the Vapra Clan, a crystal castle guard and Rian’s girlfriend, she was the first victim of the Skekses’ experiment in extracting Gelfling essence.
  • Natalie Dormer as Onica: A member of the Sifa Clan
  • Mark Strong as Ordon: A member of the Stonewood Clan, captain of the crystal castle guard, and Rian’s father
  • Theo James as Rek’yr: A member of the Dousan Clan
  • James Dreyfus as Lath’N: A member of the Grottan Clan and one of Deet’s fathers.
  • Charlie Condou as Mitjan: A member of the Grottan Clan and one of Deet’s fathers.
  • Louise Gold as Maudra Argot/The Shadow Bender: Leader of the Grottan Clan
  • Kemi-Bo Jacobs as Maudra Seethi/The Skin Painter: Leader of the Dousan Clan
  • Nina Sosanya as Maudra Mera: Leader of the Spriton Clan
  • Nimmy March as Maudra Laesid: Leader of the Drenchen Clan
  • Beccy Henderson as Maudra Ethri: Leader of the Sifa Clan
    • Henderson also voices Bobb’N: Deet’s brother and member of the Grottan Clan.

  • Ralph Ineson as The Hunter (skekMal): The wildest, fastest, strongest and most bloodthirsty of the Skeksis with retractable arms.
  • Andy Samberg as The Heretic (skekGra): A moody and crazy, but good-hearted Skeksis. Formerly known as the Conqueror, he opposed his fellow Skeksis’ decisions and was forced into self-imposed exile to the Crystal Sea desert with his Mystic counterpart.

  • Ólafur Darri Ólafsson as urVa/The Archer: A heroic, benevolent, honourable and loyal Mystic who is the counterpart of skekMal/The Hunter.
  • Bill Hader as urGoh/The Wanderer: The slow-moving and slow-talking Mystic counterpart to skekGra/The Heretic who lives with his counterpart in the Crystal Sea desert.

  • Dave Goelz as Baffi: An eyepatch-wearing Fizzgig owned by Maudra Fara
  • Theo Ogundipe as Vliste-Staba: The Sanctuary Tree
  • Sigourney Weaver as The Myth Speaker: the series’ narrator
  • Kevin Clash and Neil Sterenberg as the Gruenaks: Two silenced slaves of The Scientist and survivors of their race’s genocide.

Additional voices by Warrick Brownlow-Pike, Dave Chapman, Stewart Clarke, Kevin Clash, Alice Dinnean, Barbara Drennan, Damian Farrell, Louise Gold, Beccy Henderson, Isabella Laughland, Omar Malik, Sarah Beck Mather, Jack Myers, Mark Restuccia, Irfan Samji, Helena Smee, Katherine Smee, Neil Sterenberg, Olly Taylor, and Victor Yerrid.

  • Beccy Henderson as Gelflings Deet, Naia, Maudra Seethi, Juni
  • Warrick Brownlow-Pike as Skeksis skekSil/The Chamberlain, Gelflings Lath’N, Maudra Laesid, Red-Haired Paladin, Podling servant 1
  • Louise Gold as Gelflings Onica, Maudra Argot, Maudra Ethri, Maudra Mayrin, Skeksis skekAyuk/The Gourmand, Podling Servant #2
  • Helena Smee as Gelflings Seladon, Mira and Skeksis skekLach/The Collector
  • Katherine Smee as Aughra, Gelfling Deet, Skeksis skekVar/The General, skekSil/The Chamberlain, Podling Hup
  • Neil Sterenberg as Gelflings Rian, Tavra, Skeksis skekOk/The Scroll Keeper, Gruenak #2
  • Olly Taylor as Gelflings Rek’yr, Cadia, Daudran, Skeksis skekTek/The Scientist, Mystics urGoh/The Wanderer, urVa/The Archer
  • Victor Yerrid as Podling Hup, Gelflings Kylan, Mitjan, Skeksis skekZok/The Ritual Master
  • Dave Chapman as Gelflings Gurjin, Ordon and Skeksis skekSo/The Emperor
  • Kevin Clash as Aughra, Skeksis skekVar/The General, skekMal/The Hunter, The Gelfling Librarian, Gruenak #1
  • Alice Dinnean as Gelflings Brea, Maudra Fara, Bobb’N, Skeksis skekEkt/The Ornamentalist
  • Barnaby Dixon as skekGra & urGoh puppet show performer
  • Damian Farrell as Skeksis skekGra/The Conqueror/The Heretic, Lore lead puppeteer
  • Dave Goelz as Fizzgig Baffi
  • Nick Kellington as Skeksis skekMal/The Hunter (in-suit performer)
  • Daniel Dewhirst as Garthim

     

Jag älskar serien den är magisk värld och underbara varelser

Den är serien ger jag 100 poäng och längtar efter säsong 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

winx Club /Feernas äventyr

 Winx club is an Italian-American animated television series created by Iginio Straffi and co-produced by Rainbow SpA and Nickelodeon. It is set in a magical universe that is inhabited by fairies, witches, and other mythical creatures. The show follows a fairy warrior name Bloom as she enrolls at Alfea College to train and hone her skills. The series uses a serial format that has an ongoing storyline, with individual story arcs comprising each season. It premiered on 28 January 2004, becoming a ratings success in Italy and on Nickelodeon networks internationally. Straffi initially outlined the show s plot to last three seasons. He chose to continue the story for a fourth season in 2009. Around this time, Winx Club s popularity attracted the attention of the American media company Viacom, owner of Nickelodeon. Viacom purchased 30% of the show s animation studio, Rainbow SpA, and Nickelodeon Became a co-producer of the series. Production on the fifth, sixth, and seventh seasons was divided between Rainbow and Nickelodeon Animation Studio. To attract an American audience, Viacom assembled a voice cast of Nickelodeon actors (including Arianna Grande ), invested USS 100 million in advertising for the series, and inducted Winx Club into Nickelodeon s franchise of Nicktoons. Beginning in 2010, episodes of Winx Club have been jointly written with Nickelodeon s American team. Nickelodeon s writers aim to make the series multicultural and appealing toward viewers from different countries. In 2019, Straffi commented on his near-decade of collaboration with Nickelodeon, saying that the know-how of Rainbow and sensibilities of the Americans, with our European touch. The continued partnership between Rainbow and Nickelodeon on Winx Club has led to the development of additional co-productions, including Club 57 in 2019, on which much of Winx Club s staff worked. The series was subject to budget cuts in 2014, during its seventh season. The 3D computer-generated segments and Hollywood voice actors were deemed too costly to keep using. The seventh season eventually premiered on Nickelodeon s worldwide channels in 2015. After a four-year hiatus, an eighth season premiered in 2019. At Straffi s decision, this season was retooled for a preschool target audience. Most of the show s longtime crew members were not called back to work on season 8, and Nickelodeon s team moved to a consultant role. Straffi stepped away from the series at this time, shifting his focus to live-action projects. A live-action adaptation of Winx Club fot young adults, titled The Winx Saga, was announced in 2018.

 Premise- The series follows the adventures of a group of girls known as the Winx, students (and later graduates ) at the Alfea College for Fairies, who turn into fairies to fight villains. The team consists of Bloom, the red- haired leader whit flame-based powers; Stella, the fairy of the sun; Flora, the fairy of nature; Tecna, the fairy of technology; Musa, the fairy of music; and Aisha, the fairy of waves. Roxy, the fairy of animals, occasionally joins the Winx and all three of the show s production companies refer to her as the Winx Club s seventh member. The main male characters are called the Specialists, a group of students and later graduates of the Red Fountain school who are romantically involved with the Winx fairies. They include Bloom s fiance sky; Stella s fiance Brandon; Flora s boyfriend Helia; Tecna s boyfriend Timmy; and Musa s boyfriend Riven. Unlike their female counterparts, the Specialists do not have magical powers and instead train how to fight using laser weapons. The Winx and Specialists most frequent adversaries are a trio of withes named the Trix; Icy, Darcy, and Stormy, all of whom are former students of the Cloud Tower school. Winx Club is set in a vast universe that has several dimensions. Most episodes take place in the Magic Dimension, which is closed off to ordinary people and inhabited by creatures from European mythology like fairies, witches, and monsters. The capital of of this world is the city of Magix – which is located on the planet of the same – where the three main magic schools are situated. The other planets of the Magic Dimension include Bloom home planet Domino, Stella s home planet Solaria, Flora s home planet Linphea, Tecna s home  planet Zenith, Musa s home planet Melody, and Aisha s home planet Andros. Some episodes take place on Earth, Roxy s home planet and where Bloom spent her childhood. The concept of fairy magic in the series is presented in the form of magical transformations, that fairies receive by performing certain actions. Having mastered the transformation, fairies can summon it at any time, after which she has wings, and her clothes change to bright and shinny.

During the 1990s, comic artist Iginio Straffi noticed that animated action shows were primarily focused on male protagonists;[15][16] at the time, he felt that the “cartoon world was devoid of female characters.”[17] Straffi hoped to introduce an alternative show with a female lead aged 16 to 18, as he was interested in “exploring the psychological side” of the transition to adulthood.[18] He decided to develop a pilot centred on the conflict between two rival colleges; one for fairies and another for witches.[19] Straffi compared his original premise to “a sort of ‘Oxford–Cambridge rivalry‘ in a magical dimension”.[20] In expanding the concept, Iginio Straffi drew his inspiration from Japanese manga[21] and the comics of Sergio Bonelli,[22] a comic writer for whom Straffi had worked.[23]

Straffi’s pilot, which was titled “Magic Bloom,”[24] featured the original five Winx members in attires similar to those of traditional European fairies.[25] It was produced during a twelve-month development period that included animation tests, character studies, and market surveys.[26] The animation attracted the interest of Rai Fiction,[27] which paid for 25% of the production cost in exchange for Italian broadcast rights and a share of the series’ revenue over 15 years.[28] After holding test screenings of the pilot, however, Straffi was unhappy with the audience’s unenthusiastic reaction to the characters’ outdated clothing style[25] and stated that the pilot did not satisfy him.[27] In a 2016 interview, Straffi said the end result was unoriginal and “looked like just another Japanese-style cartoon … but nothing like [the modern] Winx “.[29] He likened his feelings about the pilot to an “existential crisis” and chose to scrap the entire test animation despite an investment of over €100,000 in the completed pilot.[27]

To rework the concept, Straffi’s Rainbow team hired Italian fashion designers, including some from Dolce & Gabbana[30] and Prada,[31] to restyle the show and give the characters a more modern appearance. The crew changed the show’s color palette, replacing the pilot’s colour scheme with a brighter collection of hues, and adjusted the skin tone of one of the protagonists to look “more Latin” in an attempt to add diversity to the show.[25] Production of the restyled series began by 2002, and Rainbow estimated the episodes would be delivered to distributors by late 2003.[32] The new name of the series (“Winx”) was derived from the English word “wings,” and the “x” was intended to evoke the shape and sound of wings.[15] Straffi’s aim was to appeal to both genders, including action sequences and displays of power designed for male viewers and fashion elements for female viewers.[32][33] At the October 2003 MIPCOM event, Rainbow screened the show’s first episode to international companies.[34] The first season had its world premiere on Italian television channel Rai 2 on 28 January 2004.[35]

From the beginning of development, Iginio Straffi planned an overarching plot that would conclude after 78 episodes.[36] Straffi stated that the Winx saga “would not last forever”[26] in 2007, and he intended the first feature film (Winx Club: The Secret of the Lost Kingdom) to resolve any plot points remaining from the third season finale.[36] In 2008, Straffi decided to extend the series, citing its increasing popularity.[36]

In 2010, Nickelodeon—which had aired Winx Club on one of its international outlets since the show’s debut[37]—announced that it would be co-producing the fifth and sixth seasons of the series with Rainbow,[38] as well as four hour-long specials summarizing the first two seasons.[39] Production on the 52 new episodes was divided between Nickelodeon Animation Studio[40] and Rainbow with Nickelodeon approving scripts and all phases of animation.[41] Nickelodeon brought on some of its long-time staff members, such as creative consultant Janice Burgess, and writers Adam Peltzman and Carin Greenberg.[42] In February 2011, Nickelodeon’s parent company Viacom purchased a 30% stake in Rainbow,[43] with the other 70% belonging to Iginio Straffi. Following the announcement, the two Winx Club feature-length films were released through Viacom’s Paramount Pictures[43] and aired on Nickelodeon.[44] The series was officially inducted into Nickelodeon’s franchise of Nicktoons,[7] a brand that encompasses original animated productions created for the network.

On 7 April 2014, Rainbow SpA and Nickelodeon announced their continuing partnership on the seventh season of Winx Club, with a planned premiere date of 2015.[45] Straffi said of the season: “It will be a privilege to partner once more with Nickelodeon on this.”[45] During this season’s production, Rainbow was undergoing a multimillion-euro financial loss due to the box office failure of its film Gladiators of Rome.[46] This made them cut costs on Winx Club, its most expensive show. The CGI-animated segments and California voice cast from the previous two seasons were deemed too costly to continue using for season 7. As with the previous two seasons, the copyright to season 7 is co-owned by Rainbow and Viacom.[5] The first episode aired on 22 June 2015, on Nickelodeon in Asia,[47] followed by its broadcast on 21 September 2015 on Rai Gulp in Italy.

The president of Nickelodeon International, Pierluigi Gazzolo, was responsible for arranging the co-production partnership and became a member of Rainbow’s board of directors (a role he continues to serve in, as of November 2019).[48] In addition to financing the television series, Viacom provided the resources necessary to produce a third Winx film.[49] In 2019, Iginio Straffi commented on the two studios’ near-decade of continued work together, saying that “the know-how of Rainbow and the know-how of Nickelodeon are very complementary; the sensibilities of the Americans, with our European touch.”[8] Winx Club opened the opportunity for Nickelodeon and Rainbow to collaborate on additional co-productions together, including various pilots from 2014 onward and Club 57 in 2019.[50]

The eighth season of the series was not produced immediately after the seventh. It followed a multiple-year hiatus and was not made as a direct continuation of the previous season. At Iginio Straffi’s decision, Season 8 was heavily retooled to appeal to a preschool target audience.[8]

For season 8, Rainbow’s creative team restyled the characters to appear younger, hoping to increase the appeal toward preschoolers.[8] The plot lines were simplified so that they could be understood by a younger audience.[8] Most of the show’s longtime crew members were not called back to work on this season, including art director Simone Borselli, who had designed the series’ characters from season 1 to 7, and singer Elisa Rosselli, who had performed a majority of the songs.[51] In another change from previous seasons, Nickelodeon’s American team served as consultants rather than directly overseeing the episodes; at the time, Nickelodeon was instead working with Rainbow SpA on a new co-production, Club 57.[8] Season 8 was also the first-ever season without the involvement of Rai Fiction.[52]

Iginio Straffi made the decision to shift the show’s intended audience after years of gradually aiming toward a younger demographic. In a 2019 interview,[8] Straffi explained that decreasing viewership from older viewers and an increased audience of young children made this change a necessity. He elaborated that “the fans of the previous Winx Club say on social media that the new seasons are childish, but they don’t know that we had to do that.”[8] Straffi stepped away from the series at this time and did not oversee season 8’s production like he had for the previous installments. He instead shifted his focus to live-action projects aimed at older audiences: Nickelodeon’s Club 57 and Fate: The Winx Saga.[8] Straffi explained that “the things we had to tone down [in season 8] have been emphasized in the live action–the relationships, the fights, the love stories.” He added that he hopes that Fate will satisfy the “20-year-olds who still like to watch Winx.”[8]

The series’ visuals are a mixture of Japanese anime and European elements,[53] which Iginio Straffi calls “the trademark Rainbow style”.[21] The main characters’ final designs are based on Straffi’s original sketches, which were modelled on celebrities popular at the turn of the 21st century. In a 2011 interview with IO Donna, Straffi stated that Britney Spearsserved as the basis for Bloom, Cameron Diaz for Stella, Jennifer Lopez for Flora, Pink for Tecna, Lucy Liu for Musa, and Beyoncé for Aisha.[22] This approach was part of Straffi’s aim for the fairies to represent “the women of today”[17] and look much more modern than classic examples like la Fata Turchina.[54] The three Trix witches were also designed to appear “beautiful and fashionable” to counter the stereotype of ugly witches.[19]

A team of specialized artists designs the characters’ expressions and outfits for each season. About 20 tables of expressions and positions from all angles are drawn for each character.[19] The designers start to develop characters’ costumes by creating collages from magazine clippings of recent fashion trends. Using these as references, they draw multiple outfits for each character.[55] Simone Borselli, the series’ art director, designed most of the characters’ early-season clothing despite lacking a background in fashion design. When asked by an interviewer where his fashion intuition came from, Borselli responded, “From being gay.”[56]

The first stage in the production of an episode is developing its script, a process that can last 5–6 months.[57] When the series began production, the writers were based entirely in Italy. Since Nickelodeon joined as a co-producer in 2010, Rainbow’s group of 30 writers has collaborated with teams in both Italy and the United States.[55] The international coordination, which has continued through 2019,[55] intends to make scenarios depicted in the program multicultural and accessible to viewers from different countries.[55] Episodes are written with two stories in mind: a longer narrative arc that lasts for tens of episodes and a subplot that concludes at the end of the 22-minute runtime.[58] This episode structure was modelled on those of teen dramas and American comics.[59] Themes written into the series include romance,[10] the acquisition of maturity upon reaching adulthood,[60] and (in the fifth season) nature conservation.[22]

After the script and character designs have been approved, the screenplay is passed onto a group of storyboard artists. For each 22-minute episode, the artists prepare 450 pages of storyboards for each 22-minute episode,[55] which are used to assemble an animatic. At this stage, dialogue and music are added to determine the length of each scene.[61] Characters’ mouths are normally animated to match the Italian voice actors’ lines but for seasons five and six, mouth movements were synchronized to Nickelodeon’s English voice cast.[62] Episodes are worked on concurrently because each requires around two years of work to complete.[55]

At the beginning of the first season, the ten-person production team worked at Rainbow’s original headquarters in Recanati.[57] In 2006, Straffi opened a second studio in Rome for computer-animated projects.[63] During the fifth and sixth seasons, 3D CGI sequences were incorporated into the series for the first time, animated at the studio in Rome. According to the Rainbow CGI animators, the animation of the characters’ hair in underwater scenes was particularly difficult, and it was animated separately from the characters.[61]

In Italy, the series’ voice actors include Letizia Ciampa (Bloom), Perla Liberatori (Stella), Ilaria Latini (Flora), Domitilla D’Amico (Tecna), Gemma Donati (Musa), Laura Lenghi (Aisha), and Debora Magnaghi (Roxy). According to Ilaria Latini, the characters were cast before any character designs were finalized and the actors were shown black-and-white sketches of their roles.[64] The actors record their lines in Rome[55] and the animation is later synchronized to their voices, with the exception of the specials and seasons 5–6, which were animated to match the Hollywood cast.[62]

The 2011 specials introduced a new cast of Hollywood voice actors, who also provided voices for the first two Winx films and seasons three through six. For this cast, Viacom hired several Nickelodeon actors whose names were advertised on-air to attract American viewers; these stars included Ariana Grande as Diaspro,[65] Elizabeth Gillies as Daphne, Keke Palmer as Aisha, Matt Shively as Sky, and Daniella Monet as Mitzi.[66] The cast recorded their lines at the Atlas Oceanic studio in Burbank, California.[67][68]

According to Iginio Straffi, music plays a crucial role in the success of the series. Original pop songs in the “style of Britney Spears and Beyoncé” have been recorded in about 40 languages for the show.[30] Songs are usually drafted in English; Italian lyrics are written after Rainbow has approved the English versions.[69] Frequent composers for the program include Michele Bettali, Stefano Carrara, Fabrizio Castania, and Maurizio D’Aniello. Music is recorded in Milan and Rome, and each song takes between five and twelve months to complete.[70]One of Nickelodeon’s composers, Emmy and Grammy Award recipient Peter Zizzo, joined the team during Nickelodeon’s joint production of the fifth season. His music is featured in the fifth, sixth,[71] and seventh[72] seasons; he also composed the stand-alone single “We Are Believix” for the show.[73] The single was accompanied by a Nickelodeon live-action music video that was performed by Elizabeth Gillies[74] and was released on iTunes. Six compilation albums based on the show’s music have been released; some include songs that do not appear in the television series.[75]

Many of the show’s tracks are performed by Italian singer Elisa Rosselli. She was selected during the production of the first Winx film, as Iginio Straffi was seeking a writer and singer for the movie’s soundtrack. Straffi looked to Sony Music‘s archive for inspiration and enjoyed three of Rosselli’s songs that were co-produced with Maurizio D’Aniello.[69] After working together on the film, Rosselli continued to produce music for the show (usually in collaboration with D’Aniello or Peter Zizzo)[70] until its seventh season.[69]

According to Iginio Straffi, music plays a crucial role in the success of the series. Original pop songs in the “style of Britney Spears and Beyoncé” have been recorded in about 40 languages for the show.[30] Songs are usually drafted in English; Italian lyrics are written after Rainbow has approved the English versions.[69] Frequent composers for the program include Michele Bettali, Stefano Carrara, Fabrizio Castania, and Maurizio D’Aniello. Music is recorded in Milan and Rome, and each song takes between five and twelve months to complete.[70]One of Nickelodeon’s composers, Emmy and Grammy Award recipient Peter Zizzo, joined the team during Nickelodeon’s joint production of the fifth season. His music is featured in the fifth, sixth,[71] and seventh[72] seasons; he also composed the stand-alone single “We Are Believix” for the show.[73] The single was accompanied by a Nickelodeon live-action music video that was performed by Elizabeth Gillies[74] and was released on iTunes. Six compilation albums based on the show’s music have been released; some include songs that do not appear in the television series.[75]

Many of the show’s tracks are performed by Italian singer Elisa Rosselli. She was selected during the production of the first Winx film, as Iginio Straffi was seeking a writer and singer for the movie’s soundtrack. Straffi looked to Sony Music‘s archive for inspiration and enjoyed three of Rosselli’s songs that were co-produced with Maurizio D’Aniello.[69] After working together on the film, Rosselli continued to produce music for the show (usually in collaboration with D’Aniello or Peter Zizzo)[70] until its seventh season.[69]

Winx Club first premiered on the Italian television channel Rai 2 on 28 January 2004.[6] Reruns later began airing on Rai Gulp, a sister channel to Rai 2 aimed at children and teenagers, shortly after the network launched in 2007. On 2 September 2010, Nickelodeon announced through a press release that they would be co-producing additional seasons with Rainbow.[38] Nickelodeon debuted four one-hour specials (also co-produced with Rainbow) summarizing the first two seasons, the first of which premiered on their flagship American channel on 27 June 2011.[65] With the exception of Italy, the fifth, sixth, and seventh seasons launched on Nickelodeon channels domestically and internationally.[38]

During the sixth season in 2014, episode premieres were moved from Rai 2 to Rai Gulp in Italy, and from Nickelodeon to Nick Jr. in the United States. The change to younger-skewing networks followed Rainbow’s lowering of Winx Clubs target demographic to a younger audience than the earlier seasons.[8] The seventh season was jointly announced by Nickelodeon and Rainbow in April 2014 as part of their continuing partnership.[77] In Asia, it premiered on Nickelodeon on 22 June 2015,[47] which was followed by its premieres on Rai Gulp in Italy (21 September 2015) and Nick Jr. in the United States (10 January 2016).

By 2014, the show had been aired in over 150 countries.[78] In 2019, after the Viacom-CBS merger announcement, Informa‘s Television Business International listed the show among the most important Viacom properties internationally.[79] Third-party broadcasters that acquired the show included China’s CCTV,[80] Ireland’s TG4,[81] and 4Kids,[82] the last of which aired the series in the United States until their broadcast agreement was permanently revoked by Rainbow in 2009.[30] 4Kids censored and edited the original content in an attempt at localization. Iginio Straffi criticized these adjustments in a 2008 interview, saying, “The Winx fairies cannot talk about boys there. I think this removes something essential.”[83] Straffi wanted to launch the series in Japan, but he abandoned the idea due to the country’s regulation that foreign content producers must pay for airtime.[30]

Upon its debut, Winx Club was a ratings success. During its first season in 2004, the series became one of the highest-rated programs on Rai 2 with an average audience share of 17%.[31] Among viewers 4–14 years old, the average share was 45%.[31] In France and Belgium, the season reached a 56% share among 10 to 14-year-olds.[84] According to Rai in 2009, the gender mix of Winx Club‘s audience was nearly equal across the first three seasons; in the target demographic of 4–14 years of age, females represented only 3% more of the audience than males.[85] The premiere of the fourth season set a record for an animated show’s audience on Rai 2 with 500,000 viewers.[86] In 2007, Iginio Straffi noted that there were lower ratings in English-speaking territories than in Europe at the time, which he surmised was due to cultural differences.[87]

On 27 June 2011, the first special co-produced with Nickelodeon premiered on Nick U.S. to 2.278 million viewers.[88] Each of the following three specials performed better than the previous ones, with the fourth (“The Shadow Phoenix”) rating #1 in its time slot among viewers aged 2–11.[89] During the first quarter of 2012, an average of 38.5 million viewers watched the series across nine of Nickelodeon’s international outlets, a 60% increase from the fourth quarter of 2011.[89] On Nickelodeon UK, Winx Club increased the network’s ratings by 58% on its launch weekend in September 2011, ranking as the second-most-popular program on the channel and the most popular show with females aged 7–15.[90] As of 2019, Winx Club and SpongeBob SquarePants are the only animated shows that are still broadcast on Nickelodeon UK’s main network.[91]

Federico Vercellino of Il Sole 24 Ore described the series as “an Italian cultural enterprise—the largest since the days of Salgari“.[92] He credited the show with opening up Italian media to feminist stories about rebellious female characters, calling it a “phenomenon capable of building today’s popular culture”.[92] A 2019 study conducted for the Corriere della Sera reported that Winx Club was the fourth-most-popular Italian series outside of the country, with strong demand in Russia and the United States.[93]

In 2018, Giovanna Gallo of Cosmopolitan stated that the program’s characters have become “real icons of fashion” and noted the show’s popularity with cosplayers,[94] performance artistswho wear costumes and accessories to represent the show’s characters. Winx Club costumes were the focus of a second-season episode of The Apprentice, in which Flavio Briatorechallenged the show’s teams to create three Winx outfits intended for females 25–35 years of age, which were to be submitted to the judgment of Iginio Straffi.[95] la Repubblicas Marina Amaduzzi attributed the popularity of Winx-inspired fashion to fans’ desire to emulate the characters, stating that “Winx fanatics dress, move and breathe like their heroines”.[96]

The show has also been popular at fan conventions. For instance, in 2012, Winx Club had a large presence at Nickelodeon’s San Diego Comic-Con booth, where exclusive collectibles were raffled off to fans.[97] In 2015, a four-day Winx Club fan gathering in Jesolo counted 100,000 attendees.[98] In October 2018, an exhibition for the series’ fifteenth anniversary was held at Europe’s largest comics festival, the Lucca Comics & Games convention in Tuscany.[99]

The Regional Council of Marche, Italy, chose the Winx Club fairies to represent Marche and Italy at the Expo 2010 world’s fair in Shanghai.[100] A four-minute video using stereoscopic technology showing the Winx in Marche’s tourist destinations was animated for the Italian Pavilion.[100] In 2015, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi visited Rainbow’s studio and wrote that “the Winx are a beautiful story of Italian talent”.[101]

In a New York Times article, Bocconi University professor Paola Dubini stated that the themes and characters of Winx Club appealed to both the target audience and their parents. After studying the rise of the show’s production company, Dubini wrote that the fairies’ “defined and different personalities” made them relatable to viewers.[102] Common Sense Media reviewer Tara Swords gave the show a three-star review, calling it “an imaginative story with bold, take-charge heroines” while also arguing that the show is hindered by its design elements and by “ongoing drama surrounding the main characters’ attraction to their male counterparts”.[103]

Criticism has been directed at the character designs, which some have perceived as unrealistic. Meenakshi Gigi Durham took issue with the characters’ clothes in her 2008 book The Lolita Effect, writing that the fairies’ revealing outfits seem to link “ideal femininity” with body display.[104] Researchers for the Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media felt that the characters represent an unattainable body image for women.[105] In 2011, Italian journalist Loredana Lipperini said the series perpetuates the idea that women must be fashionable, that the characters’ appearances negatively impact viewers, and that fans learn to “admire the flowing hair, plump lips, narrow waists and wide hips”.[106]

In an interview with the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera, psychotherapist Gianna Schelotto assumed an opposite standpoint. She argued that the Winx are “anti-showgirls” with stories that highlight positive aspects like friendship, guiding female viewers “away from supermodels to which the commercial world drags them”.[107] Rhodes University professor Jeanne Prinsloo agreed, saying in 2014 that “in spite of the unrelenting bad press”, Winx Club episodes “present complex narratives with active female protagonists and positive relationships that validate ‘girl power'”.[108] Il Sole 24 Ore also wrote positively about the show’s feminist themes, commending how the characters “expose narcissistic masculinity”.[92] Responding to criticisms of the character designs, Iginio Straffi said in 2007 that the fairies’ looks are an “envelope” serving to interest the viewer and are “never vulgar or exaggerated”.[53]

Winx Club has attracted academic interest for its presentation of gender roles. In the journal of Volgograd State University, Russian sociologists Georgiy Antonov and Elena Laktyukhina judged that female characters in the series are depicted as dominant while males are shown to be passive.[109] As examples of women adopting traditionally male roles, they listed the female fairies fighting for their boyfriends, saving them from enemies, and inviting them on dates, while at the same time having difficulty performing household duties like cooking and cleaning.[109] Writing for Kabardino-Balcarian State University, Zalina Dokhova and Tatiana Cheprakova stated that the series conveys “both positive and negative stereotypes”,[110] citing the opposite personalities of Stella and Aisha. They wrote that Stella’s character incorporates stereotypically feminine passions for shopping and clothes while Aisha represents a more realistic character with an interest in male-dominated sports.[110]

In April 2004,[111] The Walt Disney Company filed an unsuccessful copyright infringement lawsuit against Rainbow SpA.[111] The company accused Rainbow of copying the Winx Club concept from its W.I.T.C.H. comic book,[111] which was published over a year after production on Winx Club began.[112] Disney applied for an injunction order to halt the further release of the Winx Club series and comic magazine; to declare the Winx Clubtrademark invalid; and to seize the periodical and film material bearing the allegedly infringing Winx Club name.[111] Rainbow won the case against Disney, as they provided proof that Winx Club entered production by 2000, while the W.I.T.C.H. comic was not released until May 2001.[112][113] On 2 August 2004,[114] all of Disney’s infringement claims were rejected by the Tribunale di Bologna’s Specialized Commercial Matters Department,[111]which deemed them unfounded.[111] The suit later became the subject of a commercial law seminar at the University of Macerata in 2009.[114]

In 2005, Iginio Straffi was interviewed in IO Donna about the legal battle.[112] He was asked how it felt “to be one of Disney’s most hated people,”[112] and answered that he—as the founder of a small animation studio—was glad to have “defeated” a massive conglomerate.[112] “I feel a certain pride in having annoyed such a giant. It’s inspiring,” he elaborated.[112] As a result of the lawsuit, Straffi has avoided doing any business with the Disney corporation; he commented in 2014, “They’ve lost the chance to explore our creativity.”[115]

In March 2018, a live-action adaptation aimed at young adults was announced.[9] As of August 2019, the series is in pre-production with Brian Young set as showrunner and Judy Counihan set as executive producer.[116]Filming will begin in September 2019[116] for a planned release date of 2020. The series will follow the same general story as the animated version[9] and will star Abigail Cowen as Bloom.[117]

On 8 October 2006, a Winx Club feature film was announced on Rainbow’s website. The Secret of the Lost Kingdom was released theatrically in Italy on 30 November 2007.[118] Its television premiere was on 11 March 2012 on Nickelodeon in the United States.[44] The plot takes place after the events of the first three seasons, following Bloom as she searches for her birth parents and fights the Ancestral Witches who destroyed her home planet. Iginio Straffi had planned a feature-length story since the beginning of the series’ development, and the film eventually entered production after Straffi founded Rainbow CGI in Rome.[10]

On 9 November 2009, a sequel film was announced for a release date in 2010.[119] Winx Club 3D: Magical Adventure was released theatrically in Italy on 29 October 2010.[120] Its television premiere was on 20 May 2013, on Nickelodeon in the United States.[121] In the film, Sky proposes to Bloom, but Sky’s father does not approve of their marriage.[119]Production on Magical Adventure began in 2007, while the first film was still in development.[120] It is the first Italian film animated in stereoscopic 3D.[122]

A third film, titled Winx Club: The Mystery of the Abyss, was released theatrically in Italy on 4 September 2014.[123] The film made its television premiere on Nickelodeon Germany on 8 August 2015.[124] The plot follows the Winx venturing through the Infinite Ocean to rescue Sky, who has been imprisoned by the Trix. According to Iginio Straffi, the film has a more comedic tone than the previous two films.[123]

PopPixie is a comedy spin-off series that ran for a single season over two months in 2011. It is based on the chibi-inspired Pixie characters from the second season of Winx Club.[125] The series does not feature any of the original characters and is aimed at a younger audience than other Winx content.[126]

World of Winx is a spin-off series that premiered in 2016; Straffi described it as one “with more adult graphics, a kind of story better suited to an older audience”[127] than the original series. It features the Winx travelling to Earth on an undercover mission to track down a kidnapper known as the Talent Thief.[128] 26 episodes over two seasons were produced.[129]

Iginio Straffi opened up to licensing Winx Club merchandise in order to finance his studio’s other projects;[130] in 2008, he stated that he reinvests “almost everything” back into Rainbow.[18] Across the show’s first ten years on air, more than 6,000[78] pieces of tie-in merchandise were released by external licensing companies.[131] As of 2014, Winx Club merchandise licenses generated around €50 million annually,[132] with most of the revenue going toward product licensees rather than Rainbow itself.[78] According to a VideoAge International article, Rainbow’s take from merchandise sales averages 10 percent, with some deals only giving the studio five percent.[78] Outside Europe, Mattel[37] released products based on the show until 2012, when Nickelodeon named Jakks Pacific as the series’ new merchandising partner.[133] The announcement followed a Winx Clubadvertising campaign on which Nickelodeon spent US$100 million.[134]

Doll collections based on the show’s characters were first released in January 2004 to coincide with its debut.[135] In Italy, the dolls are manufactured by Witty Toys (a division of Rainbow)[136] and distributed by Giochi Preziosi.[37] As of 2016, more than 100 collections had been designed and over 60 million Winx Club dolls had been sold.[137] In 2013, Rainbow relaunched vintage dolls as collectors’ items.[138]

An ongoing comic book serial has been published since the series’ premiere.[139] Over 180 Italian issues have been released as of 2019. In 2014, the comics’ worldwide circulation was 25 million copies, with 55,000 copies sold each month in Italy.[78] In the United States, manga distributor Viz Media translated several of the first 88 issues and released them across nine graphic novel volumes.[140] Other tie-in books unrelated to the comics have been produced, starting with character guides distributed by Giunti Editore.[139] Nickelodeon’s partner Random House has published English-language Winx Club books since 2012.[141]

In September 2005, a live stage musical called “Winx Power Show” began touring in Italy.[142] The musical later expanded to other European countries[142] and the show’s cast performed at the 2007 Nickelodeon Kids’ Choice Awards in Milan.[143] An ice show follow-up starring Carolina Kostner was launched in November 2008.[144] In December 2014, the “Winx Club Musical Show” began in Italy to celebrate the series’ tenth anniversary.[145]

Several console video games based on the show have been produced. The first, Konami Europe‘s Winx Club, was released on 15 November 2005.[146] Other video games based on the franchise include Winx Club: The Quest for the Codex (2006), Winx Club: Join the Club (2007), Winx Club: Mission Enchantix (2008), Winx Club: Secret Diary (2009), Winx Club: Believix in You (2010), Winx Club: Magical Fairy Party (2012), and Winx Club: Saving Alfea (2014).[147] Magical Fairy Party was released as part of Nickelodeon’s partnership with D3Publisher.[147] A physical trading card game based on the franchise and produced by Upper Deck Entertainmentwas released in 2005.[148]

No.
overall
No. in
season
Italian title / Cinélume English title
4Kids English title
Italian air date American air date
1 1 “Una fata a Gardenia” / “An Unexpected Event”
“It Feels Like Magic”
28 January 2004 19 June 2004
2 2 “Benvenuti a Magix!” / “Welcome to Magix!”
“More Than High School”
30 January 2004 26 June 2004
3 3 “L’anello di Stella” / “Alfea College for Fairies”
“Save the First Dance”
2 February 2004 3 July 2004
4 4 “La palude di Melmamora” / “The Black-Mud Swamp”
“The Voice of Nature”
4 February 2004 10 July 2004
5 5 “Appuntamento al buio” / “Date with Disaster”
“Date with Disaster”
6 February 2004 17 July 2004
6 6 “Missione a Torrenuvola” / “Mission at Cloudtower”
“Secret Guardian”
9 February 2004 24 July 2004
7 7 “A che servono gli amici?” / “Friends in Need”
“Grounded”
11 February 2004 31 July 2004
8 8 “La festa della rosa” / “A Friendship Sundered”
“The Day of the Rose”
13 February 2004 7 August 2004
9 9 “Il tradimento di Riven” / “Betrayed!”
“Spelled”
16 February 2004 14 August 2004
10 10 “La Fiamma del Drago” / “Bloom Tested”
“Magical Reality Check”
18 February 2004 21 August 2004
11 11 “Il regno delle ninfee” / “The Monster and The Willow”
“Junior League”
20 February 2004 28 August 2004
12 12 “Miss Magix” 23 February 2004 4 September 2004
13 13 “La figlia del fuoco” / “A Great Secret Revealed”
“Meant to Be”
25 February 2004 11 September 2004
14 14 “Il segreto di Bloom” / “Bloom’s Dark Secret”
“Witch Trap”
27 February 2004 18 September 2004
15 15 “Voci dal passato” / “Honor Above All”
“Pushing the Envelope”
1 March 2004 25 September 2004
16 16 “Il nemico nell’ombra” / “Cold Spell”
“The Nightmare Monster”
3 March 2004 2 October 2004
17 17 “Il segreto di Brandon” / “Secrets Within Secrets”
“Royal Heartbreak”
5 March 2004 9 October 2004
18 18 “Addio Magix” / “The Font of Dragon Fire”
“Senior Witches Go to Earth”
8 March 2004 16 October 2004
19 19 “Attacco ad Alfea” / “The Fall of Magix”
“The Army of Decay”
10 March 2004 23 October 2004
20 20 “La scomparsa di Bloom” / “Mission to Domino”
“Sparks of Hope”
12 March 2004 30 October 2004
21 21 “Trappola di ghiaccio” / “The Crown of Dreams”
“The Frozen Palace”
15 March 2004 6 November 2004
22 22 “Il ritorno di Riven” / “Storming Cloudtower”
“Mission to Cloud Tower”
17 March 2004 13 November 2004
23 23 “Fuga da Torrenuvola” / “Power Play”
“The Search for the Flame”
19 March 2004 20 November 2004
24 24 “Il mistero del lago” / “The Witches’ Siege”
“Battle for Alfea”
22 March 2004 27 November 2004
25 25 “Il sonno di Magix” / “The Ultimate Challenge”
“The Great Witch Invasion”
24 March 2004 4 December 2004
26 26 “Battaglia finale” / “The Witches’ Downfall”
“Fire and Ice”
26 March 2004 11 December 2004
RC1 RC1 “Attack of the Senior Witches” N/A 22 May 2004

No.
overall
No. in
season
Italian title / Cinélume English title
4Kids English title
Italian air date American air date
27 1 “La fenice d’ombra” / “The Shadow Phoenix”
“Back to School”
19 April 2005 10 September 2005
28 2 “Il ritorno delle Trix” / “Up to their old Trix”
“Princess of Tides”
21 April 2005 17 September 2005
29 3 “Missione di salvataggio” / “Rescue Mission”
“Into the Under Realm”
26 April 2005 24 September 2005
30 4 “La Principessa Amentia” / “Princess Amentia”
“Queen of Perfection”
28 April 2005 1 October 2005
31 5 “Magico Bonding” / “Magic Bonding”
“Rescuing the Pixies”
3 May 2005 8 October 2005
32 6 “Il matrimonio di Brandon” / “Runaway Groom”
“My Boyfriend’s Wedding”
5 May 2005 15 October 2005
33 7 “La pietra misteriosa” / “The Mysterious Stone”
“The Dark Tower”
10 May 2005 22 October 2005
34 8 “Il guastafeste” / “Party Crasher”
“Party Monster”
12 May 2005 29 October 2005
35 9 “Il segreto del professor Avalon” / “Professor Avalon’s Secret”
“The Angel of Doom”
17 May 2005 5 November 2005
36 10 “La cripta del codice” / “Crypt of the Codex”
“Reaching for the Sky”
19 May 2005 12 November 2005
37 11 “Corsa contro il tempo” / “Race Against Time”
“Homesick”
24 May 2005 19 November 2005
38 12 “Unite per la vittoria” / “Winx Together!”
“Truth or Dare”
26 May 2005 26 November 2005
39 13 “La dama del ballo” / “The Invisible Pixies”
“Gangs of Gardenia”
31 May 2005 3 December 2005
40 14 “Battaglia sul pianeta Eraklyon” / “Battle on Planet Eraklyon”
“The Wrong Righters”
2 June 2005 28 January 2006
41 15 “Lo spettacolo continua” / “The Show Must Go On!”
“Magic in My Heart”
7 June 2005 4 February 2006
42 16 “Hallowinx!”
“The Fourth Witch”
9 June 2005 11 February 2006
(After episode 44)
43 17 “Gemellaggio con le Streghe” / “Twinning with the Witches”
“Exchange Students”
14 June 2005 4 February 2006
(After episode 41)
44 18 “Nel Cuore di Torrenuvola” / “In the Heart of Cloud Tower”
“The Heart of Cloud Tower”
16 June 2005 11 February 2006
(Before episode 42)
45 19 “La spia nell’ombra” / “The Spy in the Shadows”
“Shadows in Bloom”
21 June 2005 18 February 2006
46 20 “Il villaggio delle Pixies” / “Pixie Village”
“The First Charmix”
23 June 2005 18 February 2006
47 21 “Il potere del Charmix” / “Charmix Power”
“Trouble in Paradise”
28 June 2005 25 February 2006
48 22 “Wildland: La grande trappola” / “Danger in the Wildland”
“Last Resorts”
30 June 2005 25 February 2006
49 23 “Il momento della verità” / “The Time for Truth”
“Darkness and Light”
5 July 2005 4 March 2006
50 24 “Prigioniera di Darkar” / “Darkar’s Prisoner”
“Desperately Seeking Bloom”
7 July 2005 4 March 2006
51 25 “Faccia a faccia con il nemico” / “Face to Face with the Enemy”
“Storming Shadowhaunt”
12 July 2005 11 March 2006
52 26 “Le ceneri della Fenice” / “The Phoenix Revealed”
“The Ultimate Power Couple”
14 July 2005 11 March 2006

No.
overall
No. in
season
Italian title / Cinélume English title
4Kids English title / Nickelodeon English title
Italian air date American air dates
(4Kids / Nick)
53 1 “Il ballo della principessa” / “The Princess’ Ball”
“The Princess Ball” / “The Perfect Dress”
29 January 2007 30 September 2006
14 November 2011
54 2 “Il marchio di Valtor” / “Valtor’s Mark”
“Beauty is a Beast” / “Valtor’s Plan”
31 January 2007 7 October 2006
15 November 2011
55 3 “La principessa e la bestia” / “The Fairy and the Beast”
“Pretty Pretty Princess” / “The Monster’s Escape”
2 February 2007 28 October 2006
16 November 2011
56 4 “Lo specchio della verità” / “The Mirror of Truth”
“Mirror of Truth” / “Stella’s Truth”
5 February 2007 4 November 2006
17 November 2011
57 5 “Il Mare della Paura” / “Sea of Fear”
“Mission to Tides” / “Andros in Danger”
7 February 2007 11 November 2006
18 November 2011
58 6 “La scelta di Aisha” / “Layla’s Choice”
“The Mermaid Queen” / “Aisha’s Courage”
9 February 2007 18 November 2006
28 November 2011
59 7 “La compagnia della luce” / “The Company of the Light”
“Royal Behavior” / “Heroes of the Past”
12 February 2007 25 November 2006
29 November 2011
60 8 “Una sleale avversaria” / “Disloyal Adversary”
“Dark Sky” / “Diaspro’s Deception”
14 February 2007 24 February 2007
30 November 2011
61 9 “Il cuore e la spada” / “The Heart and The Sword”
“Operation Boyfriend Rescue” / “Breaking the Mark”
16 February 2007 3 March 2007
1 December 2011
62 10 “Alfea sotto assedio” / “Alfea Under Siege”
“Attack of the Zombie Witches” / “Taking Over Cloudtower”
19 February 2007 10 March 2007
2 December 2011
63 11 “Trappola per fate” / “A Trap for Fairies”
“Missing in Action” / “Facing the Enemy”
21 February 2007 17 March 2007
5 December 2011
64 12 “Le lacrime del salice nero” / “The Black Willow’s Tears”
“Tears From the Black Willow” / “A Journey to Lynphea”
23 February 2007 24 March 2007
6 December 2011
65 13 “Un ultimo battito d’ali” / “One Last Fluttering of Wings”
“Point of No Return” / “Tecna’s Sacrifice”
26 February 2007 31 March 2007
7 December 2011
66 14 “Furia!” / “Fury!”
“Payback” / “Revenge!”
28 February 2007 7 April 2007
8 December 2011
67 15 “L’isola dei draghi” / “The Island of Dragons”
“The Island of Dragons” / “Dragon Quest”
2 March 2007 14 April 2007
9 December 2011
68 16 “Dalle ceneri” / “From the Ashes”
“The Power Within” / “Building Hope”
5 March 2007 21 April 2007
12 December 2011
69 17 “Nella tana del serpente” / “In the Snake’s Lair”
“The Omega Mission” / “The Omega Mission”
7 March 2007 28 April 2007
13 December 2011
70 18 “Lo scrigno di Valtor” / “Valtor’s Box”
“Day at the Museum” / “The Museum of Magic”
9 March 2007 28 July 2007
14 December 2011
71 19 “All’ultimo minuto” / “At the Last Moment”
“Biker Chick Wedding Crashers” / “Back to Solaria”
12 March 2007 4 August 2007
15 December 2011
72 20 “La carica delle Pixies” / “The Pixies’ Charge”
“Little Big Shots” / “The Pixies Fight Back”
14 March 2007 11 August 2007
16 December 2011
73 21 “La torre rossa” / “The Red Tower”
“The Golden Kingdom” / “Beyond the Magic Dimension”
16 March 2007 18 August 2007
19 December 2011
74 22 “Il labirinto di cristallo” / “The Crystal Labyrinth”
“The Crystal Labyrinth” / “Finding Your Way”
19 March 2007 25 August 2007
20 December 2011
75 23 “La sfida dei maghi” / “The Wizards’ Challenge”
“The Wizard’s Challenge” / “The Water Stars”
21 March 2007 1 September 2007
21 December 2011
76 24 “La rivelazione delle streghe” / “Witches’ Revelation”
“The Witches’ Crypt” / “Seeking the Truth”
23 March 2007 8 September 2007
22 December 2011
77 25 “L’ira dello stregone” / “Wizard’s Anger”
“The Spell of the Elements” / “Valtor’s Fury”
26 March 2007 15 September 2007
23 December 2011
78 26 “Un nuovo inizio” / “A New Beginning”
“Fire and Flame” / “The Final Battle”
28 March 2007 22 September 2007
26 December 2011

Title Directed by Written by Release date (Italy)
Winx Club: The Secret of the Lost Kingdom Iginio Straffi Iginio Straffi and Sean Molyneaux 30 November 2007

Season 4 (2009)[edit]

No.
overall
No. in
season
Italian title / Cinélume English title
Nickelodeon English title
Italian air date American air date
(Nick)
79 1 “I cacciatori di fate” / “The Fairy Hunters”
“The Wizards of the Black Circle”
15 April 2009 6 May 2012
80 2 “L’albero della vita” / “The Tree of Life”
“Fear in Pixie Village”
17 April 2009 6 May 2012
81 3 “L’ultima fata della terra” / “The Last Fairy of Earth”
“Winx on Earth”
20 April 2009 13 May 2012
82 4 “Love & Pet” / “Love & Pet”
“Magic Pets”
22 April 2009 13 May 2012
83 5 “Il regalo di Mitzi” / “Mitzi’s Present”
“Ogron’s Spell”
24 April 2009 20 May 2012
84 6 “Una fata in pericolo” / “A Fairy in Danger”
“A Fairy Found”
27 April 2009 20 May 2012
85 7 “Winx Believix” / “Winx Believix”
“I Believe in You”
29 April 2009 27 May 2012
86 8 “Il cerchio bianco” / “The White Circle”
“Hidden in the Country”
1 May 2009 27 May 2012
87 9 “Nebula” / “Nebula”
“Nebula’s White Circle”
4 May 2009 3 June 2012
88 10 “La canzone di Musa” / “Musa’s Song”
“The Audition”
6 May 2009 3 June 2012
89 11 “Winx Club per sempre” / “Winx Club Forever”
“Superheroes”
8 May 2009 10 June 2012
90 12 “Papà! Sono una fata!” / “Dad! I’m a Fairy”
“The Pets’ Pursuit”
11 May 2009 10 June 2012
91 13 “L’attacco degli stregoni” / “The Wizards’ Attack”
“Roxy’s Energy”
13 May 2009 17 June 2012
92 14 “7: Il numero perfetto” / “7: The Perfect Number”
“Bringing Magic Back”
14 October 2009 17 June 2012
93 15 “Lezioni di magia” / “Magic Lessons”
“The New Witch in Town”
16 October 2009 24 June 2012
94 16 “Un mondo virtuale” / “A Virtual World”
“A Virtual Hideout”
19 October 2009 24 June 2012
95 17 “L’isola incantata” / “The Enchanted Island”
“Island Tricks”
21 October 2009 1 July 2012
96 18 “La furia della natura” / “The Nature Rage”
“Diana’s Attack”
26 October 2009 1 July 2012
97 19 “Nel regno di Diana” / “In Diana’s Kingdom”
“In the Amazon Forest”
28 October 2009 8 July 2012
98 20 “I doni del destino” / “The Gifts of Destiny”
“Diana’s Redemption”
30 October 2009 8 July 2012
99 21 “La caverna di Sibylla” / “Sibylla’s Cave”
“The Fairy of Justice”
2 November 2009 15 July 2012
100 22 “La Torre Gelata” / “The Frozen Tower”
“Aurora’s Tower”
6 November 2009 15 July 2012
101 23 “La prova di Bloom” / “Bloom’s Trial”
“Bloom’s Challenge”
6 November 2009 22 July 2012
102 24 “Il giorno della giustizia” / “The Day of Justice”
“The Wizard’s Trap”
9 November 2009 22 July 2012
103 25 “Il segreto di Morgana” / “Morgana’s Secret”
“Home at Last”
11 November 2009 29 July 2012
104 26 “Ghiaccio e fuoco” / “Ice and Fire”
“Duel in the Omega Dimension”
13 November 2009 29 July 2012

Magical Adventure (2010)[edit]

Title Directed by Written by Release date (Italy)
Winx Club 3D: Magical Adventure Iginio Straffi Iginio Straffi and Sean Molyneaux 29 October 2010

Season 5 (2012–13)[edit]

No.
overall
No. in
season
Italian title
English title
Italian air date American air date
105 1 “Minaccia dall’oceano”
“The Spill”
16 October 2012 2 September 2012
106 2 “L’ascesa di Tritannus”
“The Rise of Tritannus”
17 October 2012 9 September 2012
107 3 “Ritorno ad Alfea”
“Return to Alfea”
18 October 2012 16 September 2012
108 4 “Il libro Sirenix”
“The Sirenix Book”
19 October 2012 23 September 2012
109 5 “Il magico Lilo”
“The Lilo”
22 October 2012 26 August 2012
110 6 “Potere Harmonix”
“The Power of Harmonix”
23 October 2012 7 October 2012
111 7 “Le conchiglie luccicanti”
“The Shimmering Shells”
24 October 2012 14 October 2012
112 8 “La melodia del rubino”
“Secret of the Ruby Reef”
25 October 2012 28 October 2012
113 9 “La gemma dell’empatia”
“The Gem of Empathy”
26 October 2012 4 November 2012
114 10 “Natale ad Alfea”
“A Magix Christmas”
29 October 2012 9 December 2012
115 11 “Le Trix in agguato”
“Trix Tricks”
30 October 2012 11 November 2012
116 12 “Prova di coraggio”
“Test of Courage”
1 November 2012 18 November 2012
117 13 “Le fate Sirenix”
“Sirenix”
2 November 2012 25 November 2012
118 14 “Il trono dell’imperatore”
“The Emperor’s Throne”
8 April 2013 17 February 2013
119 15 “Il pilastro della luce”
“The Pillar of Light”
9 April 2013 24 February 2013
120 16 “L’eclisse”
“The Eclipse”
10 April 2013 3 March 2013
121 17 “L’occhio che ispira le fate”
“Faraway Reflections”
11 April 2013 10 March 2013
122 18 “Il divoratore”
“The Devourer”
12 April 2013 17 March 2013
123 19 “Le balene del canto”
“The Singing Whales”
15 April 2013 31 March 2013
124 20 “Problemi sentimentali”
“The Problems of Love”
16 April 2013 31 March 2013
125 21 “Un appuntamento perfetto”
“A Perfect Date”
17 April 2013 7 April 2013
126 22 “Ascolta il tuo cuore”
“Listen to Your Heart”
18 April 2013 5 May 2013
127 23 “Sulle tracce di Politea”
“The Shark’s Eye”
19 April 2013 12 May 2013
128 24 “Il respiro dell’oceano”
“Saving Paradise Bay”
22 April 2013 8 September 2013
129 25 “Scontro epico”
“Battle for the Infinite Ocean”
23 April 2013 15 September 2013
130 26 “La fine dell’incubo”
“The End of Tritannus”
24 April 2013 22 September 2013

The Mystery of the Abyss (2014)[edit]

Title Directed by Written by Release date (Italy)
Winx Club: The Mystery of the Abyss Iginio Straffi Iginio Straffi and Giovanni Masi 4 September 2014

Season 6 (2014)[edit]

No.
overall
No. in
season
Italian title
Nickelodeon English title
Italian air date American air date
131 1 “L’ispirazione del Sirenix”
“Inspiration of Sirenix”
6 January 2014 29 September 2013
132 2 “Legendarium”
“The Legendarium”
13 January 2014 3 November 2013
133 3 “Il collegio volante”
“The Flying School”
20 January 2014 3 November 2013
134 4 “Il potere Bloomix”
“Bloomix Power”
31 January 2014 15 December 2013
135 5 “Golden Auditorium”
“The Golden Auditorium”
7 February 2014 15 December 2013
136 6 “I mangiafuoco”
“Vortex of Flames”
14 February 2014 12 January 2014
137 7 “La biblioteca perduta”
“The Lost Library”
17 February 2014 16 February 2014
138 8 “L’attacco della sfinge”
“Attack of the Sphinx”
10 February 2014 16 February 2014
139 9 “Il tempio del drago verde”
“Shrine of the Green Dragon”
3 March 2014 3 August 2015
140 10 “La serra di Alfea”
“The Secret Greenhouse”
10 March 2014 5 August 2015
141 11 “Sogni infranti”
“Broken Dreams”
17 March 2014 7 August 2015
142 12 “I figli della notte”
“Shimmer in the Shadows”
24 March 2014 10 August 2015
143 13 “La fata madrina”
“The Fairy Godmother”
31 March 2014 12 August 2015
144 14 “Mythix”
“Mythix”
7 April 2014 14 August 2015
145 15 “Il mistero di Calavera”
“Mystery of Calavera”
31 July 2014 17 August 2015
146 16 “L’invasione degli zombie”
“Zombie Invasion”
1 August 2014 19 August 2015
147 17 “La maledizione di Fearwood”
“The Curse of Fearwood”
1 August 2014 21 August 2015
148 18 “Il totem magico”
“The Magic Totem”
1 August 2014 9 September 2015
149 19 “Regina per un giorno”
“Queen for a Day”
2 August 2014 11 September 2015
150 20 “Il banchetto di Solaria”
“Stella’s Big Party”
2 August 2014 15 September 2015
151 21 “Un amore mostruoso”
“A Monster Crush”
2 August 2014 17 September 2015
152 22 “Music Café”
“The Music Cafe”
3 August 2014 8 November 2015
153 23 “L’inno di Alfea”
“The Anthem”
3 August 2014 8 November 2015
154 24 “Scontro fra campioni”
“Legendary Duel”
3 August 2014 15 November 2015
155 25 “Acheron”
“Acheron”
3 August 2014 15 November 2015
156 26 “Winx per sempre”
“Winx Forever”
4 August 2014 22 November 2015

Season 7 (2015)[edit]

No.
overall
No. in
season
Italian title
English title
Italian air date American air date
157 1 “Il parco naturale di Alfea”
“The Alfea Natural Park”
21 September 2015 10 January 2016
158 2 “Giovani fate crescono”
“Young Fairies Grow Up”
21 September 2015 10 January 2016
159 3 “Butterflix”
“Butterflix”
22 September 2015 17 January 2016
160 4 “Il primo colore dell’universo”
“The First Color of the Universe”
22 September 2015 17 January 2016
161 5 “Un amico dal passato”
“A Friend from the Past”
23 September 2015 24 January 2016
162 6 “Avventura su Lynphea”
“Adventure on Lynphea”
23 September 2015 24 January 2016
163 7 “Attenti al magilupo”
“Beware of the Wolf”
24 September 2015 31 January 2016
164 8 “Ritorno al medioevo”
“Back in the Middle Ages”
24 September 2015 31 January 2016
165 9 “Il gatto magico”
“The Fairy Cat”
25 September 2015 7 February 2016
166 10 “Winx in trappola!”
“Winx Trapped!”
25 September 2015 7 February 2016
167 11 “Missione nella giungla”
“Mission in the Jungle”
26 September 2015 14 February 2016
168 12 “Un animale fatato per Tecna”
“A Fairy Animal for Tecna”
26 September 2015 14 February 2016
169 13 “Il segreto dell’unicorno”
“The Unicorn’s Secret”
27 September 2015 21 February 2016
170 14 “Potere Tynix”
“Tynix Transformation”
27 September 2015 21 February 2016
171 15 “Le pietre magiche”
“The Magic Stones”
28 September 2015 28 February 2016
172 16 “Ritorno a Baia Paradiso”
“Back to Paradise Bay”
28 September 2015 28 February 2016
173 17 “Viaggio in una goccia”
“Lost in a Droplet”
29 September 2015 6 March 2016
174 18 “Il rapimento di Stella”
“Banana Day”
29 September 2015 6 March 2016
175 19 “L’arcobaleno di Magix”[c]
“The Magix Rainbow”
30 September 2015 13 March 2016
176 20 “Baby Winx”
“Baby Winx”
30 September 2015 13 March 2016
177 21 “Pazzo, pazza mondo”
“It’s a Crazy, Crazy World”
1 October 2015 20 March 2016
178 22 “Il regno dei diamanti”
“The Kingdom of Diamonds”
1 October 2015 20 March 2016
179 23 “Il cuore di Alfea”
“The Secret of Alfea”
2 October 2015 3 April 2016
180 24 “La farfalla dorata”
“The Golden Butterfly”
2 October 2015 3 April 2016
181 25 “Un patto inatteso”
“New Magic Harmony”
3 October 2015 10 April 2016
182 26 “Il potere degli animali fatati”
“The Power of the Fairy Animals”
3 October 2015 10 April 2016

Season 8 (2019)[edit]

No.
overall
No. in
season
Italian title
English title
Italian air date[16]
183 1 “La notte delle stelle”
“Night of the Stars”
15 April 2019 [17][18]
184 2 “Il regno delle Lumen”
“A Kingdom of Lumens”
16 April 2019[19]
185 3 “Attacco al nucleo”
“Attack on the Core”
17 April 2019[20]
186 4 “Popstar!”
“Popstars!”
18 April 2019[21]
187 5 “Il segreto di Orion”
“Orion’s Secret”
19 April 2019[22]
188 6 “La stella faro[23]
“Doom of the Lighthouse Star”
21 April 2019[24]
189 7 “Trappola su Prometia”
“Trapped on Prometia”
22 April 2019[25]
190 8 “Negli abissi di Andros”
“Into the Depths on Andros”
23 April 2019[26]
191 9 “La Luce Di Gorgol”
“The Light of Gorgol”
24 April 2019[27]
192 10 “Il Potere Dell’Idra”
“Hydra Awakens”
25 April 2019[28]
193 11 “Il Tesoro Magico Di Syderia”
“Treasures of Syderia”
26 April 2019[29]
194 12 “Festa a sorpresa”
“Surprise Party on Earth”
28 April 2019[30]
195 13 “L’ombra di Valtor”
“Valtor’s Shadow”
29 April 2019[30]
196 14 “La stella dei desideri”
“The Wishing Star”
29 July 2019[31]
197 15 “Una nuova missione”
“Mission for the Prime Stars”
30 July 2019[32]
198 16 “La festa dello sparx”
“The Sparks Festival”
31 July 2019[33]
199 17 “Il vestito della regina”
“Dress Fit for a Queen”
1 August 2019[34]
200 18 “La valle degli unicorni alati”
“Valley of the Flying Unicorns”
2 August 2019[35]
201 19 “La torre oltre le nuvole”
“Tower Beyond the Clouds”
3 August 2019[36]
202 20 “Il cuore verde di Linphea”
“The Green Heart of Linphea”
11 September 2019[37]
203 21 “La gara di ballo su Melody”
“Dance Contest on Melody”
12 September 2019[38]
204 22 “Il segreto dell’armonia”
“The Secret of Harmony”
13 September 2019[39]
205 23 “Fra terra e mare”
“Between the Earth and the Sea”
14 September 2019[40]
206 24 “Tra i ghiacci di Dyamond”
“Dyamond on Ice”
15 September 2019[41]
207 25 “La volpe bianca”
“The White Fox”
16 September 2019[42]
208 26 “Scritto nelle stelle”
“Written in the Stars”
17 September 2019[43]

Specials (2011)[edit]

Italian title
English title
Italian air date American air date [44]
“Il destino di Bloom”
“The Fate of Bloom”
21 November 2011 27 June 2011
Bloom, an ordinary girl from Gardenia, is on summer vacation when she stumbles upon a battle between the fairy Stella and an ogre named Knut. Bloom stands against the monster and suddenly discovers that she has magical powers. Stella offers Bloom the opportunity to attend the Alfea College for Fairies, which Bloom and her parents agree to. The two fairies soon meet their roommates: Flora, Tecna, and Musa. After an encounter with the Trix witches from the competing college of Cloud Tower, the fairies decide to form their own group: the Winx Club.
“La vendetta delle Trix”
“Revenge of the Trix”
28 November 2011 1 August 2011
A mysterious nymph named Daphne communicates with Bloom through a dream. During spring break, Bloom returns home and bonds with her parents. While in Gardenia, Bloom dreams about her father rescuing a baby left unharmed in a fire. After telling her parents, Bloom realizes that the event in her dream actually happened, and that she was the baby in the fire. Later on, Bloom visits Cloudtower’s library to learn more about herself. Meanwhile, the Trix devise a plan to steal Bloom’s Dragon Flame powers.
“Battaglia per Magix”
“The Battle for Magix”
5 December 2011 18 September 2011
After the Trix take Bloom’s powers, the three witches take over Cloudtower and take down Headmistress Griffin. Through the power of the Dragon Flame, the Trix summon an Army of Darkness to start a reign of terror. Bloom returns to Alfea, powerless without her Dragon Flame. She teams up with Stella, Sky, Brandon, and Knut to confront the Trix at Cloudtower and reclaim her powers. Once she talks with Daphne, Bloom is able to regain her Dragon Flame and join her friends in a final battle. She faces Icy one-on-one while the other fairies face Darcy and Stormy. After Bloom manages to beat her rival, the friends celebrate, and Bloom and Sky share their first kiss.
“La fenice d’ombra”
“The Shadow Phoenix”
12 December 2011 16 October 2011
Aisha, the princess of Andros and fairy of waves, tries to rescue a group of pixies from the Shadow Phoenix. She is caught by him and is forced down a cliff. Aisha arrives at Alfea where she meets the Winx. Bloom and Stella offer to help her, leaving Flora, Musa, and Tecna to take care of a young pixie named Piff. Meanwhile, the Shadow Phoenix breaks the Trix out of prison. Bloom and Stella duel with the Trix while Aisha saves the pixies. Later, a paladin named Professor Avalon offers to help Bloom uncover more about her past. Avalon brings Bloom to a fortress and reveals his true identity as the Shadow Phoenix. The Winx and Specialists fly to the fortress and eventually defeat the Shadow Phoenix.

 

Jag älskar både Winx Club och World of Winx serierna.

Jag ger Winx Club 99 poäng.

The Dark Crystal film.

 The Dark Crystal (sometimes referred to as Jim Henson s The Dark Crystal ) is a 1982 puppet – animated high fantasy film directed by Jim Henson and Frank Oz. It s stars the voices of Stephen Garlick, Lisa Maxwell,Billie Whitelaw, Percy Edwards, and Barry Dennen. The film was produced by ITC Entertainment and Henson Associates and distributed by Universal Pictures. The plot revolves around Jen, a Gelfling on a quest to restore balance to the world of Thra and overthrow the ruling Skeksis by restoring a powerful broken Crystal. It was marketed as a famliy flim, but was notably darker than the creators previous material. The animatronics used in the film were considered groundbreaking. The primary concept artist  was fantasy illustrator Brian Froud,  famous  for his distinctive fairy and dwarf designs. Froud also Collaborated with Henson and Oz for their next project, the 1986 film Labyrinth. The Dark Crystal was produced by Gary Kurtz, while the screenplay was written by David Odell, with whom Henson previously    worked as a staff writer for The Muppet Show. The film score was composed by Trevor Jones. The film received mixed to positive reviews from mainstream critics; while being criticized for its darker, more dramatic tone in contrast to Henson s pervious works, it was praised for its narrative, aesthetic, and characters, and later garnered a cult following. A prequel television series, The Dark Crystal; Age of Resistance, premiered on Netflix in 2019. Jag älskar den filmen.

  Plot – A millennium ago on the planet Thra, two new races appeared when a shard was shattered from the Crystal of Truth: the malevolent Skeksis whose Continued corruption of the Crystal to extend their lives ravaged Thra, and the gentle urRu, more commonly known as the Mystics, who made their home in the valley of Stones to await for their destiny. The leader of the urRu, the Master Ursu, raised a young Gelfling named Jen whose clan were slaughtered by the Sheksis. As the Great Conjunction of Thra s three suns draws near, a dying UrSu instructs Jen to fulfill a prophecy to heal the Crystal by first retrieving the Shard from Aughra. As UrSu passes, the Skeksis Emperor also dies with the Chamberlain skekSil exiled after losing a duel of succession against the General SkekUng. When the Skeksis learn of Jen s existence, they send their army of giant crab-like Garthim to capture him with skekSil following. Jen meets Aughra and enters her Orrey, which she uses to predict the motions of the heavens as she explained about the Conjunction before Jen select the Shard from a box full of shards. Aughra was about to explain  Jen s mission before the Garthim arrive and destroy the orrery, taking Aughra prisoner as Jen flees. Hearing the call of the Crystal, the urRu leave their valley to travel to the Skeksis Castle. On his journey through the swamp, Jen meets Kira, another surviving Gelfling who can communicate with animals. The two learn more about each other when they accidentally dream- fasted, seeing into each other s memories. They stay for a night with the Podlings who raised Kira, only for them and Kira s pet Fizzgig to flee when the Garthim raid the village with skekSil keeping the Garthim from pursuing then. Jen and Kira discover a ruined Gelfling city with ancient writing describing a prophecy; When single shines the triple sun, what was sundered and undone shall be whole, the two made one by Gelfling hand or else by none. They are interrupting by skekSil, revealing the prophecy was the reason for the Gelfling genocide while trying to trick them into coming with him to castle under false pretenses. But the Gelflings run off and reach the Castle of the Crystal on Landstriders, intercepting the Garthim that attacked Kira s village. While trying to free the captured Podlings, Kira, Jen and Fizzgig descend to the bottom of the Castle s dry moat and use a lower-level entrance to gain access. But they are intercepted by SkekSil, who buries Jen in a cave-in after being refused and takes Kira to Skeksis. skekSil is reinstated while giving Kira to Skeksis Scientist skekTek to be drained of her life essence for SkekUng to drink so that he can regain his youth. Aughra, imprisoned in the Scientist s laboratory, tells Kira to call for help from the captive animals; they break free in response and free Kira while causing skekTek to fall down the crystal shaft to his death. One of the urRu vanishes. Aughra frees herself soon after Kira left and before Jen arrived. The three suns begin to align as the Gelflings reunite at the Crystal Chamber as the Skeksis gather for the ritual that will grant them immortality. Jen leaps onto the Dark Crystal but drops the shard, with Kira taking it after Fizgig is knocked down the crystal shaft by skekUng and is saved by Aughra. Kira throws the Shard back to Jen as she fatally impaled by the Skeksis Ritual- Master skekZog, with an enraged Jen inserting the Shard into the Crystal and fulfilling the prophecy. The Garthim disintegrate and the Podling slaves regain their essence while the dark stone covering the Castle crumbles away to reveal a crystalline structure. The urRu arrive and use the Crystal to merge themselves and the Skeksis into tall glowing beings known as urSkeks. The urSkeks leader explains to Jen they had mistakenly shattered the Crystal long ago, splitting them into two races and decimating Thra, and that Jen s actions have restored them. The urSkeks revive Kira in gratitude for her sacrifice and Jen s courage, and then ascend to a higher level of existence, leaving the Crystal to the Gelflings on the now-rejuvenated Thra.

Main

Skeksis

urRu/Mystics

  • Sean Barrett as urZah/The Ritual-Guardian: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekZok and acting leader of the Mystics, puppeteered by Brian Muehl. Muehl also portrays urSu/The Master, the urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekSo who dies at the beginning of the film.
  • David Greenaway as urIm/The Healer: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekUng, also puppeteered by Richard Slaughter.
  • Jean Pierre Amiel as urUtt/The Weaver: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekEkt.
  • Hugh Spight as urAmaj/The Cook: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekAyuk.
  • Robbie Barnett as urYod/The Numerologist: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekShod.
  • Swee Lim as urNol/The Herbalist: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekNa.
  • Simon Williamson as urSol/The Chanter: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekSil.
  • Hus Levant as urAc/The Scribe: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekOk.
  • Toby Philpott as urTih/The Alchemist: The urRu/Mystic counterpart of skekTek.

Others

  • Joseph O’Conor as UngIm, the urSkeks whom skekUng and urIm were derived from, and the Narrator.
  • Hugh Spight, Swee Lim, and Robbie Barnett as the Landstriders.
  • Miki Iveria, Patrick Monckton, Sue Weatherby, and Barry Dennen as the voices of the Podlings/Pod People.

Henson’s inspiration for the visual aspects of the film came around 1975–76,[7] after he saw an illustration by Leonard B. Lubin in a 1975 edition of Lewis Carroll’s poetry showing crocodiles living in a palace and wearing elaborate robes and jewelry.[6][8][9] The film’s conceptual roots lay in Henson’s short-lived The Land of Gorch, which also took place in an alien world with no human characters.[8] According to co-director Frank Oz, Henson’s intention was to “get back to the darkness of the original Grimms’ Fairy Tales“, as he believed that it was unhealthy for children to never be afraid.[10]

Henson formulated his ideas into a 25-page story he entitled The Crystal, which he wrote whilst snowed in at an airport hotel.[6] Henson’s original concept was set in a world called Mithra, a wooded land with talking mountains, walking boulders and animal-plant hybrids. The original plot involved a malevolent race called the Reptus group, which took power in a coup against the peaceful Eunaze, led by Malcolm the Wise. The last survivor of the Eunaze was Malcolm’s son Brian, who was adopted by the Bada, Mithra’s mystical wizards.[11]

This draft contained elements in the final product, including the three races, the two funerals, the quest, a female secondary character, the Crystal, and the reunification of the two races during the Great Conjunction. “Mithra” was later abbreviated to “Thra”, due to similarities the original name had with an ancient Persian deity.[6] The character Kira was also at that point called Dee.[9]

Most of the philosophical undertones of the film were inspired from Jane Roberts‘ “Seth Material“. Henson kept multiple copies of the book Seth Speaks, and insisted that Froud and screenwriter David Odell read it prior to collaborating for the film. Odell later wrote that Aughra’s line “He could be anywhere then,” upon being told by Jen that his Master was dead, could not have been written without having first read Roberts’ material.[6]

The Bada were renamed “Ooo-urrrs”, which Henson would pronounce “very slowly and with a deep resonant voice.” Odell simplified the spelling to urRu, though they were ultimately named Mystics in the theatrical cut. The word “Skeksis” was initially meant to be the plural, with “Skesis” being singular, though this was dropped early in the filming process. Originally, Henson wanted the Skeksis to speak their own constructed language, with the dialogue subtitled in English.[6]

Accounts differ as to who constructed the language, and on what it was based. Gary Kurtz stated that the Skeksis language was conceived by author Alan Garner, who based it on Ancient Egyptian,[12] while Odell stated it was he who created it, and that it was formed from Indo-European roots. This idea was dropped after test screening audiences found the captions too distracting, but the original effect can be observed in selected scenes on the various DVD releases.[6] The language of the Podlings was based on Serbo-Croatian, with Kurtz noting that audience members fluent in Polish, Russian and other Slavic languages could understand individual words, but not whole sentences.[12]

Gordale Scar, one of the locations used in filming

The film was shot at Elstree Studios from April–September 1981, and exterior scenes were shot in the Scottish Highlands; Gordale Scar, North Yorkshire, England; and Twycross, Leicestershire, England. Once filming was completed, the film’s release was delayed after Lew Grade sold ITC Entertainment to Robert Holmes à Court, who was skeptical of the film’s potential, due to the bad reactions at the preview and the need to re-voice the film’s soundtrack. The film was afforded minimal advertisement and release until Henson bought it from Holmes à Court and funded its release with his own money.[6]

One of the original Skeksis costumes, on display at the Center for Puppetry Arts in Atlanta, Georgia.

Brian Froud was chosen as concept artist after Henson saw one of his paintings in the book Once upon a time.[9] The characters in the film are elaborate puppets, and none are based on humans or any other specific Earth creature. Before its release, The Dark Crystal was billed as the first live-action film without any human beings on screen, and “a showcase for cutting-edge animatronics”.[13]

The hands and facial features of the groundbreaking animatronic puppets in the film were controlled with relatively primitive rods and cables, although radio control later took over many of the subtler movements.[14] Human performers inside the puppets supplied basic movement for the larger creatures, which in some cases was dangerous or exhausting; for example, the Garthim costumes were so heavy that the performers had to be hung up on a rack every few minutes to rest while still inside the costumes.[15] A mime from Switzerland was hired to help choreograph the movements of the puppeteers.[7]

When conceptualizing the Skeksis, Henson had in mind the Seven deadly sins, though because there were 10 Skeksis, some sins had to be invented or used twice.[16] Froud originally designed them to resemble deep sea fish,[17] but later designed them as “part reptile, part predatory bird, part dragon”, with an emphasis on giving them a “penetrating stare.”[16] Each Skeksis was conceived as having a different “job” or function, thus each puppet was draped in multicolored robes meant to reflect their personalities and thought processes.[17]

Each Skeksis suit required a main performer, whose arm would be extended over his or her head in order to operate the creature’s facial movements, while the other arm operated its left hand. Another performer would operate the Skeksis’ right arm. The Skeksis performers compensated for their lack of vision by having a monitor tied to their chests.[18]

In designing the Mystics, Froud portrayed them as being more connected to the natural world than their Skeksis counterparts. Henson intended to convey the idea that they were purged of all materialistic urges, yet were incapable of acting in the real world. Froud also incorporated geometric symbolism throughout the film in order to hint at the implied unity of the two races.[17] The Mystics were the hardest creatures to perform, as the actors had to walk on their haunches with their right arm extended forward, with the full weight of the head on it. Henson himself could hold a position in a Mystic costume for only 5–10 seconds.[16]

The Gelflings were designed and sculpted by Wendy Midener. They were difficult to perform, as they were meant to be the most human creatures in the film, and thus their movements, particularly their gait, had to be as realistic as possible. During scenes when the Gelflings’ legs were off-camera, the performers walked on their knees in order to make the character’s movements more lifelike.[18] According to Odell, the character Jen was Henson’s way of projecting himself into the film.[17] Jen was originally meant to be blue, in homage to the Hindu deity Rama, but this idea was scrapped early on.[8]

Aughra was originally envisioned as a “busy, curious little creature” called Habeetabat, though the name was rejected by Froud, who found the name too similar to Habitat, a retailer he despised. The character was re-envisioned as a seer or prophetess, and renamed Aughra. In selecting a voice actor for Aughra, Henson was inspired by Zero Mostel‘s performance as a “kind of insane bird trying to overcome Tourettes syndrome” on Watership Down. Although the character was originally voiced by Frank Oz, Henson wanted a female voice, and subsequently selected Billie Whitelaw.[6]

The character Fizzgig was invented by Frank Oz, who wanted a character who served the same function as the Muppet poodle Foo-Foo, feeling that, like Miss Piggy, the character Kira needed an outlet for her caring, nurturing side.[6] The character’s design was meant to convey the idea of a “boyfriend-repellant”, to contrast the popular idea that it is easier to form a bond with a member of the opposite sex with the assistance of a cute dog.[17]

The Podlings were envisioned as people in complete harmony with their natural surroundings, thus Froud based their design on that of potatoes.[16] Their village was modeled on the Henson family home.[17]

In designing the Garthim, Froud took inspiration from the discarded carapaces of his and Henson’s lobster dinners.[9][17] The Garthim were first designed three years into the making of the film, and were made largely of fiberglass. Each costume weighed around 70 lbs (32 kg), thus Garthim performers still in costume had to frequently be suspended on racks in order to recuperate.[16]

The Dark Crystal was the last film in which cinematographer Oswald Morris, BSC, involved himself in before retiring. He shot all the footage with a “light flex”, a unit placed in front of the camera which gave a faint color tint to each scene in order to give the film a more fairy tale atmosphere similar to Froud’s original paintings.[16]

The film’s soundtrack was composed by Trevor Jones, who became involved before shooting had started.[19] Jones initially wanted to compose a score which reflected the settings’ oddness by using acoustical instruments, electronics and building structures. This was scrapped in favor of an orchestral score performed by the London Symphony Orchestra once Gary Kurtz became involved, as it was felt that an unusual score would alienate audiences. The main theme of the film is a composite of the Skeksis’ and Mystics’ themes.[20] Jones wrote the baby Landstrider theme in honor of his newly born daughter.[21]

The Dark Crystal was released in 858 theaters in North America on December 17, 1982. In its initial weekends, it had a limited appeal with audiences for various reasons, including parental concerns about its dark nature, creative connections with Henson’s family-friendly Muppet franchise, and competition from other films, including Tootsie and the already massively successful E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial.[22] It made $40,577,001 in its box office run, managing to turn a profit. The film became the 16th highest-grossing film of 1982 within North America.[23] To date, it remains as one of the highest-grossing puppet animated films of all time, particularly for its domestic gross.[citation needed]

The film received a mixed response upon its original release, but has earned a more positive reception in later years, becoming a favorite with fans of Henson and fantasy.[24] It currently holds a 79% approval rating on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, based on 47 reviews with an average rating of 6.5/10. The website’s critical consensus reads, “The Dark Crystals narrative never quite lives up to the movie’s visual splendor, but it remains an admirably inventive and uniquely intense entry in the Jim Henson canon.”[25] Vincent Canby of The New York Times negatively reviewed the film, describing it as a “watered down J. R. R. Tolkien… without charm as well as interest.”[26] Kevin Thomas gave it a more positive assessment in the Los Angeles Times: “Unlike many screen fantasies, The Dark Crystal casts its spell from its very first frames and proceeds so briskly that it’s over before you realize it. You’re left with the feeling that you have just awakened from a dream.”[27]

In 2008, the American Film Institute nominated this film for its Top 10 Fantasy Films list.[28]

Year Award Category Nominee Result Ref
1983 BAFTA Film Award Best Special Visual Effects Roy Field
Brian Smithies
Ian Wingrove
Nominated [29]
Avoriaz Fantastic Film Festival Grand Prize Jim Henson
Frank Oz
Won [30]
Hugo Awards Best Dramatic Presentation Jim Henson
Frank Oz
Gary Kurtz
David Odell
Nominated [31]
Saturn Awards Best Fantasy Film Won [32][33]
Best Special Effects Roy Field
Brian Smithies
Nominated [34]
Best Poster Art Nominated
2008 Best DVD Classic Film Release Nominated [35]

The Dark Crystal was first released on VHS, Betamax, and CED by Thorn EMI Video in 1983. The company’s successor HBO Video re-released it on VHS in 1988 and also released it in widescreen on LaserDisc for the first time. On July 29, 1994, Jim Henson Video (through Disney’s Buena Vista Home Video) re-released the film again on VHS and on a new widescreen LaserDisc. On October 5, 1999, Sony Pictures Home Entertainment and Jim Henson Home Entertainment gave the film one final VHS release and also released it on DVD for the first time and it has had multiple re-releases since including a Collector’s Edition on November 25, 2003, and a 25th Anniversary Edition on August 14, 2007. It was also released on UMD Universal Media Disc for PlayStation Portable (PSP) on July 26, 2005. It was released on Blu-ray on September 29, 2009.

Another anniversary edition of The Dark Crystal was announced in December 2017, with a brand-new restoration from the original camera negative, and was released on Blu-ray and 4K Blu-ray on March 6, 2018.[36]Prior to the 4K/Blu-Ray release, Fathom Events presented the restored print of The Dark Crystal in US cinemas on February 25 and 28, and March 3 and 6, 2018.[citation needed]

A tie-in novelization of the film was written by A. C. H. Smith. Henson took a keen interest in the novelization, as he considered it a legitimate part of the film’s world rather than just an advertisement. He originally asked Alan Garner to write it, but he declined on account of prior engagements. Henson and Smith met several times over meals to discuss the progress of the manuscript. According to Smith, the only major disagreement they had arose over his dislike of the Podlings, which he considered “boring”. He included a scene in which a Garthim carrying a sackful of Podlings fell down a cliff and crushed them. Henson considered this scene to be an element of “gratuitous cruelty” that did not fit well into the scope of the story. In order to assist Smith in his visualizing the world of The Dark Crystal, Henson invited him to visit Elstree Studios during the filming of the film.[37] In June 2014, Archaia Entertainment reprinted the novelization, though included extras such as some of Brian Froud’s illustrations, and Jim Henson’s notes.[38]

During the development phase of The Dark Crystal, director Jim Henson and writer David Odell discussed ideas for a possible sequel. Almost 25 years later, Odell and his wife Annette Duffy pieced together what Odell could recall from these discussions to draft a script for The Power of the Dark Crystal.[39] Genndy Tartakovsky was initially hired in January 2006 to direct and produce the film through The Orphanage animation studios in California.[40]

However, faced with considerable delays, the Jim Henson Company announced a number of significant changes in a May 2010 press release: It was going to partner with Australia-based Omnilab Media to produce the sequel, screenwriter Craig Pearce had reworked Odell and Duffy’s script, and directing team Michael and Peter Spierig were replacing Tartakovsky. In addition, the film would be released in stereoscopic 3D.[41]

During a panel held at the Museum of the Moving Image on September 18, 2011, to commemorate the legacy of Jim Henson, his daughter Cheryl revealed that the project was yet again on hiatus.[42] By February 2012 Omnilab Media and the Spierig brothers had parted ways with the Henson Company due to budgetary concerns; production on the film has been suspended indefinitely.[43] In May 2014, Lisa Henson confirmed that the film was still in development, but it is not yet in pre-production.[44]

Ultimately, plans for a feature film were scrapped, and the unproduced screenplay was adapted into a 12-issue comic book series The Power of the Dark Crystal from Archaia Comics and BOOM! Studios, released in 2017.[45]

On July 1, 2013, an announcement was made by The Jim Henson Company, in association with Grosset and Dunlap (a publishing division of Penguin Group USA) that they would be hosting a Dark Crystal Author Quest contest to write a new Dark Crystal novel, as a prequel to the original film. It would be set in the Dark Crystal world during a Gelfling Gathering. The winning author was J.M. (Joseph) Lee of Minneapolis, Minnesota, whose story, “The Ring of Dreams,” was selected from almost 500 contest submissions.[46]

The novel series consists of four books: Shadows of the Dark Crystal, released on June 28, 2016; Song of the Dark Crystal, released July 18, 2017; Tides of the Dark Crystal, released December 24, 2018; and Flames of the Dark Crystal, released on August 27, 2019. Together, the novels serve to establish the setting of the Netflix series The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance, focusing on adventures of some of the series’ side characters.

In May 2017, it was announced that The Jim Henson Company in association with Netflix would produce a prequel series titled The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance. Shooting began in the fall of 2017 with Louis Leterrier as director.[47] The prequel was written by Jeffrey Addiss, Will Matthews, and Javier Grillo-Marxuach.[48] There are ten episodes, and the series explores the world created for the original film.[48] On May 21, 2019, it was announced that the series would premiere on August 30, 2019.[49][5]

  • A book entitled The World of The Dark Crystal, written by J.J. Llewellyn and illustrated by Brian Froud, was released at the same time as the film. The book expands greatly on the world of “Thra”, detailing its conditions and history, as well as providing some additional story background.
  • An illustrated children’s storybook version, The Tale of the Dark Crystal, written by Donna Bass and illustrated by Bruce McNally.
  • A board game called The Dark Crystal Game was also released in 1982 by Milton Bradley.
  • A book-and-cassette adaptation was released in 1983 by Disneyland Records as part of its Read-Along Adventures series.
  • In 1983, a video game based on the film was released for the Apple II and Atari 8-bit in the format of a text adventure.
  • Marvel Comics published a comic book adaptation of the film by writer David Anthony Kraft and artists Bret Blevins, Vince Colletta, Rick Bryant, and Richard Howell in Marvel Super Special #24.[50]
  • Vogue commissioned six of the film’s costume designers to fashion clothes based on the characters of the film.[51]
  • Music duo The Crystal Method used samples from the film in the song “Trip Like I Do”, released on their 1997 album Vegas.
  • Legends of the Dark Crystal, an original English-language manga written by Barbara Kesel with art by Heidi Arnhold, Jessica Feinberg, and Max Kim, was published by TokyoPop. Its story is set hundreds of years before the events of The Dark Crystal, after the Great Conjunction which saw the splitting of the urSkeks into the Mystics and the Skeksis, but before the Great Extermination of the Gelflings. The first volume of the series came out November 2007, followed sometime later by the second in August 2010. A third installment had been originally planned but was canceled and subsequently merged into the second volume.[52]
  • Another comic book prequel, The Dark Crystal: Creation Myths, is currently being published by Archaia Entertainment as a series of three graphic novels.[53] The Henson Company and Archaia began collaborating on this project in late 2009.[54] A brief preview was made available on Free Comic Book Day in May 2011,[55] and the first installment was released January 2012, shortly thereafter spending two weeks on The New York Times Best Seller list of hardcover graphic books. In February 2013, the second installment was officially released. The third and final part was released in October 2015.
  • In February 2011, Sandstorm Productions – a firm that partnered with various design studios to facilitate the development and distribution of board games and collectible card games – revealed that it had acquired the license to produce games based on various Henson properties, including The Dark Crystal.[56] Before any definitive plans were made, however, Sandstorm went out of business in June 2012.
  • Archaia announced plans for a role-playing game based on The Dark Crystal at the August 2011 Gen Con gaming convention, intending to publish it later the following year. Like its Origins Award-winning Mouse Guard game, The Dark Crystal will be designed by Luke Crane and utilize mechanics similar to that of The Burning Wheel.[57][58] As of September 2012, it remains in active development, with more details forthcoming in 2013.
  • In August 2013, Black Phoenix Alchemy Lab – a company that produces body and household blends with a dark, romantic Gothic tone – debuted the first of their licensed The Dark Crystal perfumes. The debut included four Skeksis blends: skekUng the Garthim-Master, skekNa the Slave-Master, skekTek the Scientist and skekZok the Ritual-Master.[59]
  • In the Jim Henson’s Creature Shop Challenge episode “Return of the Skeksis,” the competing creature designers had to work in teams of three to build a Skeksis that has been banished to different parts of Thra and has been called back to the Skeksis Castle.
  • The song ‘Return to Oz by the band Scissor Sisters on the album Scissor Sisters (2004) features a reference to the film’s antagonists the Skeksis: The Skeksis at the rave meant to hide deep inside their sunken faces and their wild, rolling eyes, But their callous words reveal that they can no longer feel.
  • The song Skeksis on Alien by Canadian band Strapping Young Lad is named after the film’s antagonists; the song itself contains an interpolation of the film’s theme melody.[60] Singer-songwriter Devin Townsendwould later base Ziltoid the Omniscient on the characters from the film.
  • Dark Crystal Tales by Cory Godbey, a children’s book of short stories, was released August 2017.

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  2. ^ “The Dark Crystal: The Ultimate Visual History” (September 19, 2017)
  3. ^ BRITISH PRODUCTION 1981 Moses, Antoinette. Sight and Sound; London Vol. 51, Iss. 4, (Fall 1982): 258.
  4. ^ “The Dark Crystal (1982) – Box Office Mojo”. www.boxofficemojo.com.
  5. ^ Jump up to: a b “Simon Pegg Says Watching the Original Dark Crystal Was an ‘Overwhelming Experience. People.com. August 20, 2019. Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  6. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j David Odell (2012), “Reflections on Making The Dark Crystal and Working with Jim Henson”. In: Froud, B., Dysart, J., Sheikman, A. & John, L. The Dark Crystal: Creation Myths, Vol. II. Archaia. ISBN 978-1-936393-80-0
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  8. ^ Jump up to: a b c McAra, Catriona (2013) A Natural History of “The Dark Crystal”: The Conceptual Design of Brian Froud. In: The Wider Worlds of Jim Henson. McFarland, Jefferson, pp. 101-116.
  9. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Brian Froud (2003), “A Journey into The Dark Crystal“. In: Froud, B. & Llewellyn, J. J., The World of the Dark Crystal. Pavilion Books. ISBN 1-86205-624-2
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  11. ^ Jim Henson, The Mithra Treatment [DVD special Feature]. The Dark Cyrstal: Collector’s Edition, Dir. Jim Henson & Frank Oz. 1982. Colombia Tristar Home Entertainment, 2003. DVD.
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  15. ^ Bacon 1997, p. 24.
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  19. ^ Hoover, Tom (2010). Soundtrack Nation: Interviews with Today’s Top Professionals in Film, Videogame, and Television Scoring, 1st Ed. Cengage Learning. ISBN 9781435457621.
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  24. ^ Von Gunden 1989, p. 30–31.
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  26. ^ Canby 1982.
  27. ^ Thomas 1982.
  28. ^ “AFI’s 10 Top 10 Nominees” (PDF). Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  29. ^ “BAFTA Awards”. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
  30. ^ “1/16/1983 – ‘D.C. wins Fantasy Film at Avoriaz film festival.’ Jim Henson’s Red Book”. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
  31. ^ “1983 Hugo Awards – The Hugo Awards”. Retrieved November 7,2019.
  32. ^ “THE LATE LATE REVIEW: THE DARK CRYSTAL – TRASH”. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
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  34. ^ “THE LATE LATE REVIEW: THE DARK CRYSTAL – TRASH”. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
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  37. ^ “Jim Henson’s Labyrinth – The 25th Anniversary Podcast with ACH Smith and Sam Downie – Sam Downie”. Dsoundz.co.uk. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
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The Dark Crystal. TV Tropes.

Jag gillar filmen den får också 100 poäng den är magisk fantasier och äventyr.